Din, Ahlak, Evrim

Main Article Content

Paul Bloom
Yale Üniversitesi Psikoloji Bölümü, Amerika

Nuri Çiçek
Aksaray Üniversitesi, Fen Edebiyat Fakültesi, Sistematik Felsefe ve Mantık Anabilim Dalı

DOI:

10.30523/mutefekkir.130255
Atıf: Bloom, Paul. "Din, Ahlak, Evrim". çev. Nuri Çiçek. Mütefekkir 2/3 (2015), 201-228. https://doi.org/10.30523/mutefekkir.130255

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Öz

Din nasıl evrimleşmiştir? Din bizlerin ahlaki inanışları ve ahlaki davranışlarımız üzerinde nasıl bir etkiye sahiptir? Bazı akademisyenler dinin özgecilik davranışını bir kimsenin ait olduğu gurubun üyelerine yönelik geliştirmek üzere evrimleştiğini ortaya attığından bu sorular bir biriyle ilişkilidir. Burada anket çalışmalarından, hazırlık deneylerinden ve dinin ırksal ön yargı üzerine etkileri üzerine korelasyon çalışmalarından edinilen verileri gözden geçirip değerlendirdim (hem ülke içi hem de diğer ülkeleri kapsayan). Bu çalışmalardan, dinin iyi ahlaki etkilere ve güçlü kötü ahlaki etkilere sahip olduğu sonucuna vardım. Ama bunlar başka insan uygulamalarıyla birlikte paylaşılan dinin boyutlarına bağlıydı. İlgi çekici bir şekilde, özellikle dini inanışlar için çok az bir delil bulunmaktaydı.

Anahtar Kelimeler:

Özgecilik, Ateizm, İnanç, Nezaket, Ön Yargı, Sofuluk, Doğaüstü İnanış

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