Kalvin’in Enstitüleri’nde Negatif Tecrübe ve Bunun Sistematik Sonuçları

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William A. WRIGHT
Eureka College, Illinois, Amerika Birleşik Devletleri

Mahmut TOPTAŞ
Aksaray Üniversitesi, İslami İlimler Fakültesi, Din Bilimleri Anabilim Dalı

DOI:

10.30523/mutefekkir.584418
Atıf: Wright, William A. - Toptaş, Mahmut. "Kalvin’in Enstitüleri’nde Negatif Tecrübe ve Bunun Sistematik Sonuçları". Mütefekkir 6/11 (2019): 255-276. https://doi.org/10.30523/mutefekkir.584418.

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Öz

Bu makalede John Calvin’in en önemli eseri olan Hristiyan Dininin Enstitüleri temel alınarak Calvin’in teolojisinde negatif tecrübenin yeri ve buna verdiği cevaplar çerçevesinde teolojisinin sisteminde meydana gelen değişimler ele alınmaya çalışılmıştır. İnsanların hayatları süresince yaşadıkları negatif tecrübelerin imanları üzerindeki etkisi ve imanın çeşitleri üzerine de değinilmiş olup, işaret edilen her nokta Calvin’in Enstitüler kitabından alıntılarla desteklenmiş ve ciddi soru işaretleri oluşturmuştur. Sonuç olarak Calvin’in aynı sorunlara hayatının farklı dönemlerinde ya da kitabının farklı bölümlerinde birbiriyle çelişir gibi görünen açıklamalar yaptığı görülmüştür. Negatif tecrübenin teslis inancı ve üçlemedeki kişilerin görevleriyle ilgili bazı çelişkili açıklamalara sebebiyet verdiği de tespit edilmiştir.

Anahtar Kelimeler:

Calvin, Tecrübe, Negatif Tecrübe, Enstitüler, İman

Article Details

Kaynakça

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